+ 1.1. Short acquaintance to the car
+ 2. Engines A3E, A5D
+ 3. Greasing system
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Ignition system
+ 7. Coupling
+ 8. Transmission
+ 9. Axes and power shafts
+ 10. Suspension bracket
+ 11. Wheels and tires
- 12. Steering
12.2. A steering without the hydraulic amplifier
12.3. Check of the helmsman management without the hydraulic amplifier
12.4. A steering column without the hydraulic amplifier
12.5. A steering with the hydraulic amplifier
12.6. Check of pressure of liquid in hydraulic system
12.7. Check of effort of turn of a steering wheel
12.8. Check of level of liquid
12.9. Pumping of hydraulic system of the amplifier of a steering
12.10. Belt of a drive of the pump of the amplifier of a steering
12.11. Steering transfer with the amplifier of a steering
12.12. Pump of the amplifier of a steering
+ 13. Brake system
+ 14. Body
+ 15. Air central air
+ 16. Electric equipment
||Establish forward wheels for rectilinear movement, softly turn a steering wheel to the left and to the right before emergence of notable resistance and measure люфт steering transfer.
Люфт measure on external diameter of a steering wheel. Люфт a steering wheel should not exceed 30 mm.
If люфт exceeds admissible value, means universal hinges of an intermediate shaft of a steering column, spherical hinges of tips of steering drafts are worn-out or preliminary loading of steering transfer is incorrectly adjusted.
For check люфта connections of a steering column undertake a hand connection and turn a steering wheel in different directions. Any люфт between steering shaft, intermediate shaft and gear wheel shaft the helmsman of transfer will be felt.
Check connecting drafts, lifting both wheels from a floor. Check люфт each wheel. First of all shake a wheel in the vertical plane to check that bearings of forward wheels are correctly adjusted. Then shake a wheel in the horizontal plane while the assistant checks люфт on connection of an intermediate shaft and a shaft of a gear wheel of steering transfer. If is present horizontal люфт wheels, check a condition of spherical hinges of tips of steering drafts or their fastening to rotary fists. If in tips of steering drafts люфт is absent, means elements of a forward suspension bracket are worn-out or is available considerable люфт between a gear wheel and a lath of a tooth gearing. For elimination of it люфта it is necessary to remove steering transfer from the car and to repair it.
Check of effort of turn of a steering wheel
| PERFORMANCE ORDER
| 1. Lift a forward part of the car. Establish jacks under the bottom levers of a forward suspension bracket as it is possible closer to wheels so that they did not interfere with turn of wheels
|2. Turn a steering wheel from an emphasis against the stop at least 5 times in order that elements of a forward suspension bracket and a steering were established in a normal state. Establish forward wheels for rectilinear movement.
|| 3. Hook on a dynamometer for a spoke of a steering wheel in a place the most remote from the wheel center. With the forward wheels established for rectilinear movement, measure effort which is necessary for putting to a steering wheel for turn of wheels to the left and to the right.
|4. The effort of turn of a steering wheel should be 5–20 N at wheel turn on one complete revolution from the central situation.
|5. If the effort of turn of a steering wheel exceeds admissible values, check a condition of elements of a forward suspension bracket and a steering, and also preliminary loading of steering transfer.