since 2000 of release
Repair and car operation
- 1.1. Short acquaintance to the car
1.3. Locks of doors
1.5. Electric window regulators
1.7. Seat belts
1.8. Back seat belts
1.9. Safety cushions
1.10. Components of system of safety cushions
1.11. Control lamp of a safety cushion
1.12. Luggage carrier door (5-door model)
1.13. Trunk lid
1.14. Lamp of a luggage compartment
1.16. Hatch of a fuel tank
1.17. Steering wheel
1.18. Rear-view mirrors
1.19. Illumination of salon
1.20. Salon equipment
1.21. Digital watch
1.22. Shtorka of a luggage carrier
1.23. Power supply socket
1.25. The hatch in a roof
1.26. The holder for sunglasses
1.27. Cargo luggage grid
1.28. Top luggage carrier
1.29. Ignition switch
1.30. Engine start-up
1.31. Mechanical transmission
1.32. Automatic transmission
1.33. Brake system
1.34. Parking brake
1.35. Hydraulic amplifier of a steering
1.36. Adjustable steering column
1.37. Combination of devices
1.39. Turn indexes
1.40. Proof-reader of light of headlights
1.41. Illumination of a day mode of operation
1.42. Back antifog lamps
1.43. Screen wipers and stekloomyvatel
1.44. Heater of back glass
1.45. Heater of an external rear-view mirror
1.46. Heating and ventilation system
1.47. System work
1.48. Information on plates
1.49. Alarm light system
1.50. Engine start-up from the storage battery of other car
1.51. Safety locks
1.52. Memory safety lock
1.53. Car towage
1.54. Screen wiper brushes
1.55. Replacement of lamps
1.56. Care of appearance of the car
+ 2. Engines A3E, A5D
+ 3. Greasing system
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Ignition system
+ 7. Coupling
+ 8. Transmission
+ 9. Axes and power shafts
+ 10. Suspension bracket
+ 11. Wheels and tires
+ 12. Steering
+ 13. Brake system
+ 14. Body
+ 15. Air central air
+ 16. Electric equipment
1.10. Components of system of safety cushions
The main components of SRS system are:
– a safety cushion for the driver, located in a steering wheel and a safety cushion for the forward passenger, located in the dashboard;
AS THE SAFETY CUSHION WORKS
The safety cushion of the driver is in the center of a steering wheel. The safety cushion of the passenger is over a ware box of the dashboard. If there will be a strong head-on collision, the safety cushion will instantly reveal and will protect from serious wound. There is no rigidly established speed at which the safety cushion will reveal. Safety cushions are projected on disclosure at strong front blows. The additional system of safety - SRS - reacts to force of blow and its direction. These two factors define, whether will transmit sensors an electronic signal to pillow disclosure. Disclosure of a safety cushion depends on a number of factors, especially speeds of the car, a blow corner, and also a pliability and mutual a smyatiya of cars or other subjects to which there was a collision.
The safety cushion completely will reveal and will develop in time, smaller, than the one tenth fraction of a second. Fast disclosure and folding allow the driver to keep control over the car. It is especially important at collisions after which the car continues to move, and it is necessary, that the driver continued to operate the movement direction, brakes, a pedal of an accelerator and a transmission. It is almost impossible to see, how the pillow reveals during collision. In order that the safety cushion during strong collision provided reliable protection, it should be immediately opened. Speed of filling of a pillow air was established by the relevant laws so that to reduce probability of emergence of serious and life-threatening traumas and is a determinant at system design.
Thus, the safety cushion can cause a slight injury, for example, scratches on a face, bruises and changes. However there are also such conditions at which the safety cushion of a steering wheel can cause a mortal wound, especially when the person is too close to a steering wheel.
The wounds caused by a safety cushion
Sit down in the car as it is possible further from a steering wheel, however so that all elements of management were in a reach zone. To sit very close near a steering wheel means that you are endangered a serious or mortal wound in case of safety cushion disclosure.
Noise and smoke
When the safety cushion reveals, it publishes a loud sound, and in the car there is a dust and a smoke. It is the normal phenomenon resulting a shot of the pyrotechnic boss of a safety cushion.
After safety cushion disclosure as a result of smoke and dust inhalation, it should be felt a breath sdavlennost.
WE URGENTLY RECOMMEND TO OPEN AS SOON AS POSSIBLE AFTER COLLISION DOORS AND WINDOWS. IT YOU WILL REDUCE DISCOMFORT AND PREVENT FURTHER INHALATION OF THE SMOKE AND THE DUST.
When the safety cushion will reveal, its filling elements in a steering wheel and the dashboard very hot. For the purpose of avoidance of traumas do not touch right after collision metal details around a safety cushion compartment.
IMPORTANCE OF THE CORRECT LANDING OF THE PASSENGER ON THE FORWARD SEAT
The safety cushion of the forward passenger is much bigger, than the safety cushion of the driver and reveals with much bigger force. It can seriously or even is deadly to injure the passenger who sitting in the wrong situation and has not been fastened by a seat belt. The passenger should as it is possible to remove further a seat and to lean about a seat back.
The reason because of which the passenger on a forward seat should be fastened, that is that almost each collision is preceded by the sharp braking, tending to move the person forward. If the passenger will not fasten, it can directly appear before a revealing safety cushion or even will concern it. In this case the passenger can get serious or even a deadly trauma.
Because of a safety cushion NEVER it is IMPOSSIBLE to ESTABLISH the CHILDREN'S CHAIR the BACK IN the DIRECTION of MOVEMENT TO the FORWARD SEAT of the PASSENGER. There is a considerable danger serious or even a deadly travmirovaniye of the child a revealing safety cushion on the right forward seat. Also it is urgently recommended not to establish on a forward seat of the passenger a children's chair the person in the movement direction. If after all it is necessary to establish there it, remove the right forward seat as it is possible further back. In case of safety cushion disclosure the child who sitting incorrectly or has been incorrectly fastened, can get serious or even a deadly trauma.
LATERAL SAFETY CUSHIONS
For the maximum protection by lateral pillows at lateral collisions the driver and the forward passenger, should be reliably fastened by seat belts, and backs of their seats should be in vertical situation. Hands of the driver should settle down on a steering wheel in situation for 3 and 9 hours. Hands and palms of the passenger should settle down in the places intended for them.