since 2000 of release

Repair and car operation

- 1.1. Short acquaintance to the car
   1.2. Keys
   1.3. Locks of doors
   1.4. Immobilizer
   1.5. Electric window regulators
   1.6. Seats
   1.7. Seat belts
   1.8. Back seat belts
   1.9. Safety cushions
   1.10. Components of system of safety cushions
   1.11. Control lamp of a safety cushion
   1.12. Luggage carrier door (5-door model)
   1.13. Trunk lid
   1.14. Lamp of a luggage compartment
   1.15. Cowl
   1.16. Hatch of a fuel tank
   1.17. Steering wheel
   1.18. Rear-view mirrors
   1.19. Illumination of salon
   1.20. Salon equipment
   1.21. Digital watch
   1.22. Shtorka of a luggage carrier
   1.23. Power supply socket
   1.24. Aerial
   1.25. The hatch in a roof
   1.26. The holder for sunglasses
   1.27. Cargo luggage grid
   1.28. Top luggage carrier
   1.29. Ignition switch
   1.30. Engine start-up
   1.31. Mechanical transmission
   1.32. Automatic transmission
   1.33. Brake system
   1.34. Parking brake
   1.35. Hydraulic amplifier of a steering
   1.36. Adjustable steering column
   1.37. Combination of devices
   1.38. Headlights
   1.39. Turn indexes
   1.40. Proof-reader of light of headlights
   1.41. Illumination of a day mode of operation
   1.42. Back antifog lamps
   1.43. Screen wipers and stekloomyvatel
   1.44. Heater of back glass
   1.45. Heater of an external rear-view mirror
   1.46. Heating and ventilation system
   1.47. System work
   1.48. Information on plates
   1.49. Alarm light system
   1.50. Engine start-up from the storage battery of other car
   1.51. Safety locks
   1.52. Memory safety lock
   1.53. Car towage
   1.54. Screen wiper brushes
   1.55. Replacement of lamps
   1.56. Care of appearance of the car
   1.57. Maintenance
+ 2. Engines A3E, A5D
+ 3. Greasing system
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Ignition system
+ 7. Coupling
+ 8. Transmission
+ 9. Axes and power shafts
+ 10. Suspension bracket
+ 11. Wheels and tires
+ 12. Steering
+ 13. Brake system
+ 14. Body
+ 15. Air central air
+ 16. Electric equipment

1.33. Brake system


Amplifier of brakes

The car is equipped with brakes with the amplifier which during operation of the car are automatically regulated.

If for any reason, for example, an engine failure, the amplifier of brakes completely ceases to act, the car can be stopped, pressing a pedal of a brake is stronger, than usually. The brake way, however, thus will increase. If the engine does not work, gradually, by each pressing a brake pedal, the stock of energy of the amplifier of brakes is lost. Therefore, if operation of the amplifier is interrupted, do not press repeatedly a brake pedal, excepting cases, when necessary for controllability preservation on a slippery surface.

Anti-blocking brake system (ABS)

The anti-blocking brake system is established for the purpose of prevention of blocking of wheels at sharp braking or braking on a slippery surface. In comparison with usual brake system, the anti-blocking system provides the best controllability when braking in such situations.

The anti-blocking brake system (ABS) cannot compensate bad road conditions, undisciplined and dangerous driving or the wrong assessment of the situation.

The anti-blocking brake system (ABS) is designed for the purpose of achievement of maximum efficiency of braking on usual highways and roads in a good condition. On roads with a bad covering of ABS can even reduce efficiency of braking.

Always move with the reasonable speed answering to weather and road conditions.

Under normal conditions movements the anti-blocking brake system behaves just as also usual brake system. ABS gets into gear at loss of coupling of wheels with the road. Thus the pedal of a brake will pulse and it is possible to hear or feel its vibrations. This normal phenomenon, it shows the correct work of system.

Operating the car equipped with anti-blocking brake system, adapt style of movement for a condition of the road and a road and transport situation and remember the following:

      – do not press repeatedly a brake pedal, as when braking with usual brake system. That ABS worked correctly, sharply press a brake pedal, without using faltering braking;
      – even to the car equipped with ABS, rather long brake way is necessary. Therefore always observe a sufficient distance behind the cars moving ahead;
      – before turn always reduce speed. The anti-blocking brake system is not capable to prevent the failures which have arisen because of movement on too high speed;
      – on roads with a wavy and rough surface of ABS can increase a brake way in comparison with usual brake system;
      – avoid movement with high speed on wet roads. ABS is not capable to exclude danger of hydroplaning.

If there will be a breakage of anti-blocking brake system, brakes will work further, as in usual brake system.


If will join and the control lamp of ABS system will continue to burn, means at the car ABS failed. However, brakes thus, will work in a usual mode.

At engine start-up the control lamp of ABS system will light up on 4–5 villages. At this time ABS will undergo troubleshooting test. If everything is as it should be, the control lamp will go out. If the lamp continues to burn, it means that in ABS system there is a malfunction.

If the storage battery of the car is discharged and start-up of the engine is carried out by means of the storage battery of other car, the control lamp of ABS system can burn. It will be the result of a discharge of the storage battery, instead of because of ABS breakage.

Before a trip charge the storage battery.

If brakes refused

If during movement the car was refused by the main brakes, can use for emergency braking the parking brake. The brake way will be thus much longer.

Parking brake

Moving up the lever of the parking brake during car movement on normal speeds can cause unexpected loss of control over the car. If it is necessary to use the parking brake for a car stop, do it carefully.

During movement on long or abrupt descents include a low gear for avoidance of continuous braking. Continuous braking leads to an overheat of brakes and decrease in efficiency of braking.

Wet brakes can worsen delay of the car and cause aspiration to turn in one or other party when braking. To define, whether brakes are wet it is possible, having pressed slightly a brake pedal. Always supervise in such a way brakes after moving through deep pools and other water barriers. Brakes dry up on a rectilinear safe site of the road, supporting safe speed and easily pressing a brake pedal until efficiency of braking will not reach normal level.

Indicator of wear of overlays of disk brakes

The car is equipped with disk brakes of forward wheels.

If brake slips wear out to maximum permissible size, it is necessary to replace them. Then forward brakes publish a continuous or faltering "peeping" sound.

Wear of brake slips is signaled by the sound of a high-pitch tone meaning that the car needs passing of service survey. If to ignore the sound alarm system, it can lead to decrease in efficiency of braking and creation of dangerous situations.


In some road or climatic conditions at the first or easy braking of a brake can publish a creaking sound of a high-pitch tone. It is the normal phenomenon which is not meaning malfunction of brakes.

Back drum-type brakes

Back drum-type brakes of the car have no indicator of wear of brake slips. If back brakes publish a "creaking" sound, check a condition of brake slips. Supervise also back brakes each time when change or rearrange tires and when change forward brake slips or completely forward brakes.


Replace brake shoes or brake slips always in pairs for a lobby and a back axis.